Faith in Public Debate

Faith in Public Debate Author Esther Janssen
ISBN-10 178068309X
Year 2015-04
Pages 654
Language en

Should a politician be free to fiercely attack the religion of a sector of the population? Should he be allowed to strongly reject the culture of a particular minority group? Should religious adherents be allowed to advocate the transition from a democratic to a theocratic state? Should a satirical magazine be free to mock religious figures and practices? These sort of questions concern 'the place of faith in public debate' and continue to dominate public discussion that has been fueled by a series of events, including: the terrorist attacks in New York, Madrid, and London * the assassination of Dutch film director Theo van Gogh * the affair of the Danish cartoons * the prosecution of Dutch politician Geert Wilders for his statements on Islam and Muslims * the terrorist attack on French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in Paris. The overarching questions triggered by these events concern the relationship between freedom of expression and the regulation of 'hate speech': Which forms of hate speech should the state prohibit? On what grounds? By which means? Notably, the restriction of hate speech uttered in the context of the public debate - about multiculturalism, immigration, integration and Islam, and of religious fundamentalism - has become a topic of lively discussion. This book constitutes the first international comparative study that provides a profound analysis of the law on hate speech in France and the Netherlands, as well as under European and international law. It thoroughly examines the national legislation, its drafting history, policy, and other legal documents and case law. (Series: School of Human Rights Research - Vol. 68) [Subject: International Law, European Law, Comparative Law, Human Rights Law, Religious Law, Politics]

Terror in France

Terror in France Author Gilles Kepel
ISBN-10 9781400884643
Year 2017-04-24
Pages 240
Language en
Publisher Princeton University Press

The virulent new brand of Islamic extremism threatening the West In November 2015, ISIS terrorists massacred scores of people in Paris with coordinated attacks on the Bataclan concert hall, cafés and restaurants, and the national sports stadium. On Bastille Day in 2016, an ISIS sympathizer drove a truck into crowds of vacationers at the beaches of Nice, and two weeks later an elderly French priest was murdered during morning Mass by two ISIS militants. Here is Gilles Kepel's explosive account of the radicalization of a segment of Muslim youth that led to those attacks—and of the failure of governments in France and across Europe to address it. It is a book everyone in the West must read. Terror in France shows how these atrocities represent a paroxysm of violence that has long been building. The turning point was in 2005, when the worst riots in modern French history erupted in the poor, largely Muslim suburbs of Paris after the accidental deaths of two boys who had been running from the police. The unrest—or "French intifada"—crystallized a new consciousness among young French Muslims. Some have fallen prey to the allure of "war of civilizations" rhetoric in ways never imagined by their parents and grandparents. This is the highly anticipated English edition of Kepel's sensational French bestseller, first published shortly after the Paris attacks. Now fully updated to reflect the latest developments and featuring a new introduction by the author, Terror in France reveals the truth about a virulent new wave of jihadism that has Europe as its main target. Its aim is to divide European societies from within by instilling fear, provoking backlash, and achieving the ISIS dream—shared by Europe's Far Right—of separating Europe's growing Muslim minority community from the rest of its citizens.

Reconciliation After Violent Conflict

Reconciliation After Violent Conflict Author David Bloomfield
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105111804477
Year 2003
Pages 177
Language en
Publisher International Idea

This handbook presents a range of tools that can be, and have been, employed in the design and implementation of reconciliation processes. Most of them draw on the experience of people grappling with the problems of past violence and injustice. There is no 'right answer' to the challenge of reconciliation, and so the handbook prescribes no single approach. Instead, it presents the options and methods, with their strengths and weaknesses evaluated, so that practitioners and policy-makers can adopt or adapt them, as best suits each specific context.

Manual on the Wearing of Religious Symbols in Public Areas

Manual on the Wearing of Religious Symbols in Public Areas Author Malcolm David Evans
ISBN-10 9287166161
Year 2009-01-01
Pages 126
Language en
Publisher Council of Europe

This manual explores how the European Convention on Human Rights relates to the freedom of thought, conscience and religion. It identifies the key concepts which can be found in the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights and examines the role and responsibilities of both state and citizen. The central issue addressed is the wearing of religious symbols in public areas. For this purpose, the author first looks at a number of fundamental topics, including the rs"visibility' of religions and beliefs in the public sphere, and the notion of rs"wearing religious symbols'. The essential questions policy makers need to ask when addressing issues concerning the wearing of religious symbols are then listed. Finally, the manual seeks to apply these principles and approaches to a number of key areas such as state employment, schools and universities, the private sector and the criminal justice system.

Freedom of Religion Or Belief

Freedom of Religion Or Belief Author Heiner Bielefeldt
ISBN-10 9780198703983
Year 2016
Pages 660
Language en
Publisher Oxford University Press

Violations of religious freedom and violence committed in the name of religion grab our attention on a daily basis. Freedom of Religion or Belief is a key human right, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, numerous conventions, declarations and soft law standards include specific provisions on freedom of religion or belief. The 1981 Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief has been interpreted since 1986 by the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief. Special Rapporteurs (for example those on racism, freedom of expression, minority issues and cultural rights) and Treaty Bodies (for example the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and the Committee on the Rights of the Child) have also elaborated on freedom of religion or belief in the context of their respective mandates. Freedom of Religion or Belief: An International Law Commentary is the first commentary to look comprehensively at the international provisions for the protection of freedom of religion or belief, considering how they are interpreted by various United Nations Special Procedures and Treaty Bodies. Structured around the thematic categories of the United Nations Special Rapporteur's framework for communications, the commentary analyses the limitations on the wearing of religious symbols and vulnerable situations, including those of women, detainees, refugees, children, minorities and migrants, through a combination of scholarly expertise and practical experience.

Is Critique Secular

Is Critique Secular Author Talal Asad
ISBN-10 9780982329412
Year 2009-11-01
Pages 154
Language en
Publisher Univ of California Press

In this volume, four leading thinkers of our times confront the paradoxes and dilemmas attending the supposed stand-off between Islam and liberal democratic values. Taking the controversial Danish cartoons of Mohammad as a point of departure, Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, and Saba Mahmood inquire into the evaluative frameworks at stake in understanding the conflicts between blasphemy and free speech, between religious taboos and freedoms of thought and expression, and between secular and religious world views. Is the language of the law an adequate mechanism for the adjudication of such conflicts? What other modes of discourse are available for the navigation of such differences in multicultural and multi-religious societies? What is the role of critique in such an enterprise? These are among the pressing questions this volume addresses.

State Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law

State Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law Author Jeroen Temperman
ISBN-10 9789004181489
Year 2010
Pages 382
Language en
Publisher BRILL

This book presents a human rights-based assessment of the various modes of state religion identification and of the various forms of state practice that characterize these different state religion models. This book makes a case for the recognition of a state duty to remain impartial with respect to religion or belief in all regards so as to comply with people s fundamental right to be governed, at all times, in a religiously neutral manner. As this book demonstrates through the various case studies there is increasing interest and concern at the manner in which questions concerning the enjoyment of the right to the freedom of religion or belief bear upon key questions concerning the governance of democratic society. Issues raised involve matters concerning employment, education, expression, association and, more generally, the interface between religion and political life. The existing literature often traces these concerns back to the need to consider the place of religion in contemporary society but leaves matters there. Another body of academic literature explores the theoretical dimensions of that relationship but fails to connect it to the practice of states in order to test out the propositions which are the product of these reflections. The great virtue of this work is that is seeks to unite these various enterprises and engages head on with the challenges which this produces The aim is to demonstrate and illustrate the key contention: that there is an emergent right to religiously neutral governance, and that this is incompatible with the continuation of systems which offer preference to particular forms of belief system religious or otherwise. A chief virtue of this book is that it works through the consequences of this claim in a fearless fashion, posing challenges for those states which continue to use their legal frameworks to offer support (directly or indirectly) for historical, dominant or favoured forms of religion or belief. It challenges received assumptions and, by driving the logic of contemporary human rights thinking to the foundations of state-religion relationships performs a valuable service for those engaging with this most difficult and timely of questions. Malcolm D. Evans, Professor of Public International Law, University of Bristol

America Alone

America Alone Author Mark Steyn
ISBN-10 0895260786
Year 2006-10-01
Pages 224
Language en
Publisher Regnery Publishing

Arguing that the anti-Americanism of Europe may force America to stand alone in the world against global terrorism and other threats, the author paints a chilling portrait of a nation surrounded by enemies and less-than-loyal allies.

Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights

Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights Author Jean-François Renucci
ISBN-10 9789287156266
Year 2005
Pages 113
Language en
Publisher Council of Europe

Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights guarantees freedom of thought, conscience and religion. The protection it affords is of such significance that the judges of the European Court of Human Rights regard it as one of the cornerstones of d'mocratic society. The freedoms Article 9 guarantees have two essential aspects: internal, covering the freedom to hold convictions and beliefs, and external, covering the freedom to manifest one's convictions and beliefs. The first of these freedoms is absolute, the second relative, but in neither case can their importance be undervalued.

Freedom for the Thought That We Hate

Freedom for the Thought That We Hate Author Anthony Lewis
ISBN-10 9780465012930
Year 2008-03-03
Pages 240
Language en
Publisher Basic Books

More than any other people on earth, we Americans are free to say and write what we think. The press can air the secrets of government, the corporate boardroom, or the bedroom with little fear of punishment or penalty. This extraordinary freedom results not from America's culture of tolerance, but from fourteen words in the constitution: the free expression clauses of the First Amendment. In Freedom for the Thought That We Hate, two-time Pulitzer Prize-winner Anthony Lewis describes how our free-speech rights were created in five distinct areas—political speech, artistic expression, libel, commercial speech, and unusual forms of expression such as T-shirts and campaign spending. It is a story of hard choices, heroic judges, and the fascinating and eccentric defendants who forced the legal system to come face to face with one of America's great founding ideas.

The Content and Context of Hate Speech

The Content and Context of Hate Speech Author Michael Herz
ISBN-10 9780521191098
Year 2012-04-09
Pages 544
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press

Considers whether it is possible to establish carefully tailored hate speech policies that are cognizant of the histories and values of different countries.